Jonathan Phillips is Professor of Crusading History at Royal Holloway, University of London. He is the author of numerous books on the subject, most recently The Life and Legend of the Sultan Saladin, described as ‘superbly researched and enormously entertaining… one of the outstanding books of the year’ by The Times in April 2019. Earlier titles included Holy Warriors: A Modern History of the Crusades (2009), The Second Crusade: Extending the Frontiers of Christendom (2007) and The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople (2004); his works are also widely translated. Phillips has presented many radio and television programmes including The Cross and the Crescent (History Channel) and The Road From Christ to Constantine (PBS). He is also the co-editor, with Professor Benjamin Kedar, of the academic journal Crusades.