Lord Patten is likely to talk about some the issues raised in his recent books – First Confession, Not Quite the Diplomat, What Next and East/West. The western world was torn apart by xenophobic nationalism in the first half of the last century. During the years after the second world war with American leadership we were able to rebuild from the rubble in Europe and elsewhere and by the 1990s it looked as though the case for welfare, capitalism and political freedom was secure. But in this century we have seen a growth in identity politics and in particular a revival of nationalism and populism. This has been one of the factors which has undermined the acceptance of global order based on internationally accepted rules and co-operation across national frontiers.